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Food Crisis (an article by the London Anarchist Federation)

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Taking a rise out of us!

Figures released recently by the Trussell Trust reveal that “almost 350,000 people have received at least three days emergency food from Trussell Trust foodbanks during the last 12 months, nearly 100,000 more than anticipated and close to triple the number helped in 2011-12..” The number needing food has trebled in a year and is expected to continue to rise! Foodbanks are opening at the rate of one a week!

Of 2,000 mothers surveyed by Netmums “1 in 5 regularly go without meals to feed their children, 16% are being treated for stress-related illnesses and one third are borrowing money from friends and family to stay afloat. Most mothers stated that their situation is worse than a year ago with less money coming in.”

Prices of bread, milk, eggs and many other food items have shot up. It’s not just here that people are facing hunger. Everyday millions worry about where their next meal is coming from. The prices of many basic and staple foods have soared- wheat, rice, maize, soya beans have doubled in the last year or so. Every day 25,000 people die of hunger and many others have their health affected because of malnutrition. These figures will rise with ever increasing food prices.

The International Fund for Agricultural Development made the prediction “the number of food-insecure people in the world would rise by more than 16 million for every percentage point increase in the real prices of staple foods, meaning that 1.2 billion people could be chronically hungry by 2025”. The United Nations’ World Food Programme (WFP) also warned that it would be forced to ration food aid as soaring costs aggravate the situation.

The media are busy peddling the idea that this is due to poor harvests and they’re eager to make us believe that. It’s true that the effects of climate change have either reduced or wiped out basic food harvests particularly in the developing countries, reducing supply. But what has really happened is that speculation on the world’s markets has caused prices to rise, in a rush to make profits. So quality wheat prices rose 25 per cent in one day because of panic buying on the world markets.

Equally the situation has been aggravated by the shift from growing food to growing biofuels. Over the last five years this increased massively with 400 million tonnes of maize production moved from food to biofuels. These biofuels have been put forward as a replacement for petrol, coal and other fossil fuels, as some sort of “green” replacement. In reality they themselves cause environmental damage. But they are big money spinners and as a result there is a rush to invest in them. So grain prices go up AND vast areas of farmland that could be used to grow food are given over to them. This is actively encouraged by both the UK and US governments. As well as this, agribusinesses are hoarding food and controlling food markets in order to ride out price rises. In turn the big supermarkets are taking advantage by introducing disproportionate price rises on food.

Finally, the rising cost of oil which is used both in the production of food and its transport is adding to the cost of food. There is enough food to feed everyone adequately. The thirst for profit has caused this situation. Under the present system and its law of supply and demand if demand outstrips supply then prices increase.

• 400% – Rise in the price of spring wheat over the last year
• 75% – Average world food price rise since 2005
• 16 million more people at risk of food insecurity for every percentage point rise in the price of staple foods
• 33% – Amount of maize harvested in US in 2012 that went to produce biofuels

Food prices were some of the causes for unrest in Algeria and Tunisia in the recent Arab Spring there and they were a direct cause of unrest in Mozambique. As the situation worsens, we are going to see more food riots and demonstrations, more mass movements emerging around the world. That should be here too. WE can feed everyone on the planet, but not under this rotten and corrupt system based on the lust for profit and power.

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Αgainst the suppression of freedom of speech

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In support and solidarity with the suppressed Athens Indymedia and 98 FM – Radio Band of Subversive Expression.

In Greece, where pauperization, mass unemployment and destitution are on the rise, where many look for food in garbage bins while others are driven to suicide unable to secure shelter and welfare, the dissident media annoy and must close. In the country of violent State repression where the police now openly and shamelessly cooperate with the neo-Nazis against the movement. In the country of blatant racism and misinformation through the media, which have become disseminators of government propaganda, all other media that do not comply with the decisions taken without the majority’s consent must be closed.

While public education is but a memory, and the labor laws that protected basic labor rights were abolished overnight, while predatory laws spring up on a daily basis like rashes of an infectious disease, showing the sadism of the ruling elite and of the tragic and ludicrous governmental personnel; here in Greece that the basic income was annihilated for the benefit of domestic and international capitalism, the markets and the eurocrats, some say that «at least you have freedom of speech» and that «movements are expressed dynamically, opposing voices are heard. »

The anarchist/anti-authoritarian movement, which is growing stronger every day since the revolt in December 2008, having somehow gained a «hegemonic» word within the resistance movements, apart from the repression it receives on a daily basis, directly and indirectly, and exactly because it is obviously taken into account, is challenged in every aspect. First the squats and the self-organised spaces came under direct attack: the structures that managed to bring closer this political movement to the rest of society, which paralyzed and bewildered by the political agenda and the general collapse, tends to be radicalised. The government and the political parties do what they can to prevent this radicalization, fighting fiercely the anarchist/antiauthoritarian spaces, promoting (with the help of the manipulated mass media) the fascists of Golden Dawn, who are now seated in parliament.

The latest blow was the shutdown of Athens Indymedia and the counter-information radio stations 98FM and Radio Entasi, which since Thursday midday 11 of April have been subject to state repression via backstage pressure, without an actual legal issue in hand. Τhe various pro-EU extremists, supporters of Neoliberal social policies, of the «smooth functioning of institutions», would say: «in what serious country would a website be allowed to disseminate communiques of terrorists and incite mass destruction of property?» They are right. In no «serious» country, where the freedom of press is supposedly respected a website like Athens Indymedia would be allowed to broadcast for more than five days. They forget, however, that these countries do not owe their prosperity to blind obedience to the laws, suppression and social discipline. Instead, part of the freedoms the citizens (of these countries) enjoy is due to social struggles that took place during the previous century, struggles that managed to dismantle the old order (the fugitive serfs as Marx called them, or the struggles of workers, minorities and women), leading several groups to gain autonomy (let’s not forget that these struggles were initially stigmatized as «outbreaks of lawlessness», «incitements to violence» or even «terrorism», such as May Day in Chicago, as thanks to those struggles today the supporters of «law and order» can work 8 hours a day instead of 15, and get annual leave and sickness pay instead of dying outside the factories). On the other hand, the biggest part of the economic prosperity of the «serious» countries is due to domination, to the colonization of the non-Western world and the brutality it left behind. Let’s also not forget that new laws have now been introduced to countries like Britain, the Netherlands and Hungary forcing the unemployed to work for free 30 hours a week. For those that never wondered, this is because our societies have politically paralyzed, and follow faithfully and blindly the laws under the fear of repression, under the impending stigma of «terrorism» and «illegitimate degeneracy» – code-words used to label all those who disagree with the political system. Will such laws be implemented or forced sooner or later in Greece? Who could stop them when there will be no real opposition voice?

The silencing of the 3 specific counter-information media which have an enormous social impact (Indymedia is among the websites with the highest rates of everyday visits) is a clear political choice made by the autocratic Greek government, which desperately tries to annihilate any counter-information network, because this is exactly the way an important part of Greek society chooses to stay informed for what really happens in the country, being radicalised as a consequence. The fact that the Greek government shamelessly despises the civil-‘democratic’ Constitution is not a surprise to us. In post-memorandum Greece there is hardly a constitutional provision that has not been out-rightly circumvented or violated. Τhe blatant violation of the constitutional provisions according to which «anyone can express and spread verbally, in writing and via the press their thoughts by respecting the laws of the State» and «the Press is free. Censorship and any other precautionary measure is forbidden.» (article 14, paragraph 1 and 2), is a new qualitative and quantitative characteristic, making clear to all the authoritarian face of the Greek government, within the country and abroad.

Under these circumstances it is very important to re-establish the operation of the 3 counter-information media under the status they existed until today. It is not of concern if -technically speaking- it is possible to run them outside the Polytechnic School. The important thing is that their operation is supported by the students’ unions and their decrees, but mainly that any tactical withdrawal gives the opportunity to the government to utterly, definitely, irrevocably repress any opposing voice. It is absolutely certain that an unscrupulous government will stop before nothing. It is unconditionally crucial that Athens Indymedia, 98FM and Radio Entasi continue to broadcast free, the same way and from the same places they used to before April 11. At the same time, however, websites with articles that call Albanians a ‘dishonored breed», Jews a «source of all evil» that would soon «be buried in their tomb in the Dead Sea» and Turks the «offspring of the devil», remain open, stigmatizing people of different orientation, allowing the racist poison to spread in society.

Let us speak clearly. The attack on Athens Indymedia and 98fm is a POLITICAL attack. Yes, the website could be based elsewhere, but this is exactly the point! This would be a defeat for the whole anarchist movement. Those who share this view and rest assured that it can operate outside the university, automatically accept an unprecedented political defeat. All must understand that this is not just a technical issue. All must see the unprecedented denial of freedom of expression for (indirectly or directly) ALL OF US! Because this is what it is: DEPRIVATION OF FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION. Meanwhile to those who might say that some journalists are also denied the right of freedom of expression due to popular anger and fear of being targeted by armed groups, we answer that these vocationalists who always criticize safely from ‘above’, should know that they applaud violence when they defend the policies that have forced an entire population to poverty. When they justify the violence of the repressive forces and of Golden Dawn, they become terrorists themselves. They undoubtedly have the right to express themselves as they wish. If they are elitists, it is their undeniable right to attempt to demonize poverty by any means possible. However, they should be ready to take responsibility, given that their elitism causes mass reactions against them. Those who supposedly speak in the name of the majority and baptize «populist», «lawless», and «terrorist» anyone who disagrees with them should either fear or respect the people about whom they speak. If both are not possible, then they had better be afraid.

At a time when the benchmark of the movements is the media of counter-information and the social structures of resistance, there is no luxury for further losses and/or retractions. This should be understood by those who think they have not been directly influenced by the particular practice of preventive (and vindictive) censorship. The citizens of other countries should realize that not only in Greece the once seemingly unpopular Government reveals day by day its totalitarian face, but that across the globe, political inertia, addiction to political correctness and «legality» has led to a state of absolute subjection, where every voice not in line with the dominant doctrine is considered illegal and therefore should be gagged for the «good of all.» Protection from the danger of «lawlessness» (once expressed as «protection from the threat of communism»), reliance on the work ethic and the instrumental capitalist order, are the factors which during the interwar period in Europe allowed the implementation of the state of exception, leading to the rise of fascism. We should therefore understand that just with the fear of being stigmatised as «terrorists» we are deprived of all freedoms at all levels of social life; that the government should be politically and morally isolated by those who respect themselves and value freedom, equality and solidarity. Finally, the movement itself should and must show its solidarity as in the case of the government’s attacks on political squats and autonomous spaces. If an injury to one is an injury to all, then injuring the heart of the movement is war against all of us.

In hard and ugly times, like those we live in years now, counter-information is one of the most important weapons in our arsenal. It is what keeps us in touch with reality, what WE manage without partisan or monetary support, without interference from third parties, without filters of respectability for the sake of balance, or fear of bullying by rippers and moralist prosecutors. It is by us, for us! And when we say «us» we mean those not on the side of the oppressors, the exploiters and their lackeys. What we must understand is that this time we ourselves must show practical solidarity. Athens Indymedia and 98fm are vibrant parts of the revolutionary movement, and the revolutionary movement is all of us, who do not believe the prefabricated nonsense of the TV channels that support the regime in which we live. We take information in our hands. We choose to live the events and have a personal opinion about them, and not hear them like another TV serial.

We know that freedom of expression, thought and action are obstacles for every government, as we know well that to control the flow of information is one of the strongest weapons in the hands of the oppressors. We therefore think that our response should be solidarity in practice. Athens Indymedia, Radio 98fm, and Radio Entasi are integral parts of our action, bridges among all groups that fight against oppression.

Eagainst.com & Europeans Against the Political System

Call for solidarity for Athens Indymedia

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We could start complaining about legality, showing how «unconstitutional» is the behavior of the Three Powers of this dreary country called Greece: based on the Article 14 of the Greek Constitution (concerning the freedom of press) the actions of the Government and Judiciary Power are utterly «illegal and unconstitutional», even under civil «democratic» criteria.

Ridiculous pettifoggers like Voridis or the ‘left-winger’ Manitakis, lawyers, members of Government, elite executives would mumble legal counter-arguments we could annul (with great ease) within the framework of their own ideology and of their own «legal culture», (as they like to call it).

But does it makes sense anymore to play in the opponent’s court? This way or another, their «justice» is laughable.

The rulers violate even their own laws, and we insist that these specific laws are not to be trusted. In short, we do not believe in «Greek Justice»; they can put their codices up their arse. No doubt the Greek Police protects the elites and the governmental personnel.

With everyday, growing and furious struggles in the streets and everywhere, we fight by any means for a society of equality, freedom, justice and solidarity. Until we make it they should know that while their blind Justice sees clearly what she wants with one eye (or with two), we have our eyes open even in our sleep, and are preoccupied with only one cause: the revolution.

And even if some are still sleeping, it is time they woke up, or shut up once and for all, and say clearly whether they support the conservative forces, or the movements from below.

Support the call for solidarity against the attack of the Government to the counter-information media of the movement: Athens.indymedia.org, 98FM Radio and Radio Endasi, (and to all these that will soon be attacked).

Today, Friday April 12 at 13:00 at the central square in Zografou

Access by bus:
608 from Acadimia
242 from metro station Katehaki
Read here the call of the collectivity of Athens.indymedia.org

The article in Greek here

What is that you do not understand, mister Prime Minister?

Via Borderline Reports

A magazine cover showing a photoshopped image of the Greek Prime Minister with torture scars on his face, in direct reference to the Greek Police’s use of torture, sparked controversy, with MPs maintaining that it is “an invitation to terrorism”. Yet questions over the recent incident where the Greek Police presented to the public a series of photoshopped images of youths arrested on robbery charges in an attempt to hide evidence of brutality, as well as the statement by the Minister of Public Order that this was done so that they are “recognizable”, remain painfully under-addressed,  while claims of torture and police brutality keep mounting.

Publishing the photographs and personal information of citizens arrested on various charges, and asking the public to provide additional information on other crimes they may have committed, is one of the most controversial practices favored by the Greek Police today. Greek law states that the publication of photos or data of arrested persons awaiting trial is prohibited, except in cases of public danger. One is hard pressed to understand what sort of “public danger” is averted through the publication of photos of arrested demonstrators or even HIV positive women charged with prostitution, nevertheless the Police keep doing it and the judicial authorities keep supporting the practice.

Recently, however, this controversial practice was taken to a new level. The Police published photos of four youths arrested on robbery and terrorism charges.

Three of those arrested, as presented in the first set of images released by the Police

When reporters and members of the public pointed out that the photos had evidently been photoshopped, and rather crudely for that matter, the Police finally released several unaltered photos of those arrested. In the second set of photos, it was revealed they had been brutally beaten.

The same three, in the second set of images

The Minister of Public Order Mr Nikos Dendias was then asked why the first series of photos had been altered. His reply was that it was done so that the accused would be “recognizable”.

The Minister of Public Order when asked why the first series of photos had been altered, replied was that it was done so that the accused would be “recognizable”

Internal Affairs were quick to clear the Police of any wrongdoing. A hasty inquiry found that the accused had been wounded during the struggle that led to their arrest. This is hard to believe. For one, the accused were armed with assault rifles and the Police disarmed them, which makes it implausible that the arrest led to the kind of prolonged fistfight that could have resulted in such beatings. Secondly, before the Internal Affairs inquiry was undertaken, local Police Authorities where the arrests took place gave a Press conference in which they mentioned nothing about a struggle during the arrest. On the contrary, they pointed out that no one was hurt. And the lawyers for the accused subsequently reiterated the sadly not unheard of police practice of beating handcuffed detainees.

What makes the Police’s acquittal seem even more facile, is that this is far from an isolated incident. A few months ago, forensic reports showed extensive beatings and even taser gun scars on detainees – even though the Minister of Public Order vehemently denied any wrongdoing in Parliament. When we interviewed him for UNFOLLOW magazine, he again denied any wrongdoing, despite the forensic reports. The Minister even said he was going to sue the Guardian over a report on the Greek Police’s use of torture. Up to now, of course, he has done nothing of the sort.

Cover of UNFOLLOW 15 (March 2013)

Moreover, these incidents appear against a background of a torrent of complaints for abuse and torture by the Greek Police, as reported by Amnesty International, which also documents 12 cases where Greece has been convicted by the European Court of Human Rights for police crimes.

In the March issue of UNFOLLOW magazine, we decided on a symbolic reversal. We photoshopped some torture scars onto the face of the Prime Minister of Greece, rather than taking them off. The caption reads: “Photoshop on the Prime Minister. Politics must be recognizable”.

Our cover illustrates our position, founded on our reports, that the main perpetrator of undemocratic violence in Greece is your Government. What is it that you do not understand?”

UNFOLLOW published a statement on its website, where it outlines the reasons for widespread concern over police torture in Greece, and points out the following:

“Our cover makes a direct reference to Greek Police torture practices, unheard of in a democratic country. […] We maintain that the repeated attempts to cover up a regime of torture leads to the conclusion that this is systematic policy. The leader of the Government is evidently the architect of this policy.

We further maintain that such undemocratic violence and suppression of human rights are the most barbaric aspect of a political deviation, which includes sidestepping the Parliament and democratic process, “investments” that are damaging to the public interest, and the manipulation of free public discourse. Solid reports on all these have been published in our magazine.

Mr Prime Minister, our reports cast severe doubts on the democratic nature of you government. You have nothing to say on this, but instead try to obscure the harsh yet obvious political irony of our cover by presenting yourself as a victim. You are not a victim, you are a victimizer.

Mr Prime Minister, you further attempt to turn a poignant and well-founded journalistic critique into a conflict with the Opposition. What the Opposition does or does not condemn concerns us only to the extent that we follow it in our capacity as journalists. You may be used to Media that function as branches of party Press offices, but we are not one of those.

Our cover illustrates our position, founded on our reports, that the main perpetrator of undemocratic violence in Greece is your Government, the authorities over which it presides, and the policies it implements.

What is it that you do not understand?”

Does contemporary capitalism function according to an organized plan?

Being aware that the majority of the scientific community and the public opinion see behind the current global economic crisis the existence of an elaborated plan, which aims at the accumulation of wealth into the hands of few oligarchs and the return to medieval working conditions, this article will clearly support the opposite: that – considering the choices of global capitalists and their facade, the banking system – there is neither nationally nor internationally a “Directoire” of capital, nor a universal long-term plan with specific goals behind the implemented policies. On the contrary, a “wait and see” tactic prevails together with the logic of “every man for himself”.

By general consensus, the system is totally blocked while political leaderships seem incapable not only of reacting but even of understanding the problem, which is apparent from the fact that there is not a common approach, not only among the EU member-states, but also among ECB, the European Commission and IMF.

Transferring to the people the cost for the banks’ bailout, after they had opportunistically undertaken high risks (e.g. the German banks’ loans account for just 1% of their own resources, while the 99% is plastic money) is preposterous and harms not only those citizens that have always been harmed (workers, farmers, women, young people, immigrants e.tc.) but also those that thought they were untouchable, like the self-employed, the merchants, the small, medium and in some cases – especially in production fields – even big business men. Thus, since public deficit actually is private surplus, the economy’s key problem is not deficit itself, but its overall weakness to produce enough income in order to cover the deficit. Nowadays, we don’t just lack in new income production, but on the contrary we are facing the confiscation of the existing or even past (e.g. through successive taxation that exhausts savings) and future income. Moreover, the sellout of public property makes the implementation of any social and development policies impossible, even in the long run.

Given how worthless the civil personnel and the ruling elite are worldwide, their intellectuals and older generation politicians try to sound the alarm for their sake, by suggesting a completely different policy than what Europe is carrying out, a policy that is nothing else than a modern “new deal”, a contemporary form of Keynesianism.

However, all these suggestions intend to “correct” or rationalize capitalism, which in its current form leads humanity to barbarism, while at the same time subverts its own future. Whether they’ll be put in action, giving the system a new lease of life, is to be seen. The only thing certain is that it is impossible to find a solution for global economic problems within the economic cycle.

The argument concerning the absence of a “Directoire” of capital and the lack of a universal long-term plan with specific goals, is primarily based upon the following thoughts:

  1. Monetarist policies that result in depression, deflation, debt and deficit reduction, unemployment increase and drop in consumption and have been implemented in every country with deficit problems, cannot be the outcome of a rational choice on behalf of the capital, whatever their hidden or obvious purpose served may be. These policies occur from the enlargement of the existing imbalances among the various types of capital, from the unprecedented over-concentration of wealth in the hands of few, from capital’s inability to maintain long-term high profits in any kind of investment and from the shift towards visual economy and parasitism.
    These policies are convulsive choices that mostly indicate panic and lack of targeting on behalf of the elite and the ruling class, rather than a dark and satanic plan. And that is because, sooner or later, these choices will turn out disastrous for capital itself or at least for a large part of it, while at the same time they are related with the current stage of development or, may say decay, of global capitalism.
    Capitalism has always required growth, consumption and a middle class in order to exist. The over-concentration of wealth leads to overall social bleeding and results in the reduction or disappearance of the middle class. It’s not only the drop of consumption that’s going to be hardly manageable, but also the dissolution of the political alliance, within which the middle class always constituted the “crutch” for capital’s conservative choices, as long as it had a minimum decent living.
    The internal imbalance of capitalism brings us before unknown developments that the system has never confronted before. The bloc of power will face four major obstacles in its attempt to impose its policies:

    • It has to confront a society that, despite not participating the past 30 years in social struggles, is highly educated and used to conditions of prosperity for almost two generations up to now.
    • At some point, the crisis will have a boomerang effect on the ruling class, nationally and internationally. The collapse of banks and large corporations will probably come as the most extreme consequence of poverty, because of deposit withdrawals, loan profit losses, consumption drop e.tc.
    • The self-dissolution of the state may provoke a general political unrest, especially in countries like Greece, where the state plays traditionally a major role in regulating the labor market, redistributing income and stabilizing the economic life. At the same time, the state with its ideological mechanisms constitutes the key administrator of the common imaginary by disseminating nationalistic stereotypes to the social body. The self-limitation of the state to a tax collector and a suppressive mechanism is opposed to deeply ingrained beliefs of the collective imaginary that think of the state not just as the guarantor of “national security” and the symbol of “national pride”, but also as the incarnation of “national identity”. A state of traitors that impoverishes people in order to pay loans of dubious legality to foreign usurers, is very unlikely that it will be able to maintain the pre-described roles.
    • Ideologically speaking, the ruling class and its political system have no alibi and no excuse for the crisis, which is “completely theirs”. There is nowhere a strong union movement, the Left wing doesn’t have the social impact it used to have from the end of WWII to the 1980s, there are no more antagonistic forces like the USSR and the Eastern bloc that supposedly necessitated the increased flow of social funds into military equipment on behalf of the Western countries. The last 20 years capitalism has no opponent and what we’re living today is completely its own creation.
  2. The absence of a central, long-term plan of the elite, nationally and internationally, doesn’t mean that there won’t be groups or individuals related to the capital which will benefit from the crisis. But this does not apply to the ruling class, the predominant strata as a whole, but only to some individuals or groups active in specific fields. Some sectors of the big capital and mostly the banking sector, might be benefited from the crisis – but that by no means implies that there will be an overall enhancement for the ruling class. In order for this to occur (namely the overall enhancement of the ruling class) there must be an ideological domination upon society, along with the establishment of such conditions that will guarantee the overall profitability of capital – prerequisites that are difficult to achieve in a state of crisis, since a large part of the capital will not endure in such an environment of relentless competition between states, different types of capital and corporations with common interests.
    The solution already underway is the merger and buyout of the weakest businesses by more powerful ones – a procedure that is certainly not a solution to the problem, since the giant corporations established after that will operate like black holes, swallowing everything in their way. The higher the concentration of wealth the bigger the depression caused, since global market and every economic activity will eventually run out of money and resources.
  3. The notion that “it is impossible for the masters of global capitalism not to know what they are doing” is metaphysical and is based upon neither a dialectic approach of history nor the current situation. History is full of mistakes that were made by rulers and “accidental incidents” that couldn’t be estimated and predicted by any kind of “expert”. Otherwise how could we interpret the decay and collapse of so many empires, the outbreak of so many revolutions and the unpredictability of historical developments over time?
    The blind faith in an indomable determinism and in instrumental methods for predicting human history is not historically justified and it simply constitutes a metaphysic conception of humanity. The current crisis may well be a product of poor choices on behalf of the capital and the predominant classes, since it’s not advantageous for all of them and wasn’t launched with equal responsibility by all sections of them. Besides, individuals and social classes, the social strata, have limited viewing and monitoring on large-scale historical developments, since they experience history through their restricted measures of living. For example, who could predict the advent of the French Revolution in 1788 or the upcoming collapse of “the actually existing socialism” that shattered like a glass tower in 1988?
  4. Finally, it has to be understood that the supported absence of a capitalistic “Directoire” and an elaborated plan constitutes neither an optimistic nor a pessimistic point of view; it is just a rational conclusion that is going to be proved true or false. And if proven correct, the final solution seems to be political rather than economic.

It is very doubtful whether an economic shift towards “growth policies” – as it is suggested now by some of the intellectuals of the upper class – would help solve the debt crisis, since such “growth” was previously based on and financed by a sort of “casino” economy that is now drowning. It would require not just a shift towards “growth” in general, but a completely different kind of growth, focusing on the primary and secondary sector, as well as on research and society’s real needs and not overproduction and over-consumerism.

However, the high priests of neoliberalism who govern and lead the international organizations cannot carry out such policies. In that sense, the solution can only be political.

It is still unknown whether capital and the predominant class will wage a war or establish dictatorships as a way out of the present situation, or whether societies will give the solution by a radical change of the social system.

Nevertheless, the awareness on behalf of the people that the enemy is not invincible and has reached a deadlock, could prove of significant importance for the internationalization and the massification of the movement, for its enrichment with new tactics and for its shift towards more ambitious goals than just the regaining of what is lost during the past three years.

There is a word that burns everybody’s tongue and nobody dares to come out with it. A word that shows the way and is neither “rupture”, nor “overthrow”, nor “uprising”. It is simply revolution.

Writer: Ian DeltaTranslators: annitagrn, NA, Michael Theodosiadis, AdTA

The article in greek