This thesis is a study of the colony of Italian anarchists who found refuge in London in the years between the Paris Commune and the outbreak of the First World War. The first chapter is an introduction to the sources and to the main problems analysed. The second chapter reconstructs the settlement of the Italian anarchists in London and their relationship with the colony of Italian emigrants. Chapter three deals with the activities that the Italian anarchists organised in London, such as demonstrations, conferences, and meetings.
Sasha and Emma is the story of one life-long relationship and the product of another. When the historian of Russian and American anarchism Paul Avrich died in 2006, he left behind a rich body of scholarly work (1) and an unfinished manuscript exploring ‘the passionate half-century friendship between legendary activist Emma Goldman and Alexander Berkman’ (p. ix). In the days before his death, his daughter Karen Avrich agreed to complete his project, revising the early manuscript and conducting additional archival research to augment the rich material gathered by her father
The minds of men, especially of the young, thirsting for the mysterious and extraordinary, allow themselves to be easily dragged by the passion for the new toward that which, when coolly examined in the calm which follows initial enthusiasm, is absolutely and definitively repudiated. This fever for new things, this audacious spirit, this zeal for the extraordinary has brought to the anarchist ranks the most exaggeratedly impressionable types, and at the same time, the most empty headed and frivolous types, persons who are not repelled by the absurd, but who, on the contrary, engage in it. They are attracted to projects and ideas precisely because they are absurd, and so anarchism comes to be known precisely for the illogical character and ridiculousness which ignorance and bourgeois calumny have attributed to anarchist doctrines.
The short sketch of Malatesta’s life is based on the exhaustive study of Max Nettlau, published in Italian translation by “Il Martello” in New York under the title Vita e Pensieri di Errico Malatesta, and in German translation issued at Berlin by the publishers of the “Syndicalist.” Max Nettlau, the profound scholar of the Anarchist movement, biographer of Michael Bakunin and author of Bibliographie de l’Anarchie, lives in Vienna, and like so many intellectuals in Europe, in distressing economic condition.
Peter Kropotkin’s “The Conquest of Bread”, along with his “Fields Factories and Workshops” was the result of his extensive research into industrial and agricultural production; originally published by G. P. Putnam’s Sons, New York and London, 1906. Whereas Marx’s main contribution to economics was his analysis of the commodity relationship in Capital – capitalism rather than communism – Kropotkin assesses what would need to be done, and most importantly how, in a communist society.
Kropotkin grew up in the midst of the struggle between the peasants and workers and the government. He was born a prince of the old nobility of Moscow, was trained as a page in the Emperor’s court, and at twenty became an officer in the army. The discovery that he was engaged in revolutionary activities in St. Petersburg while he was presumably devoting his life to scientific geography, caused a sensation. He was arrested and held in prison without trial. He became at once one of the most hated and most beloved representatives of the revolutionary cause.
“Whoever denies authority and fights against it is an anarchist,” said Sébastien Faure.
The definition is tempting in its simplicity, but simplicity is the first thing to guard
against in writing a history of anarchism. Few doctrines or movements have been so
confusedly understood in the public mind, and few have presented in their own variety of
approach and action so much excuse for confusion. That is why, before beginning to trace
the actual historical course of anarchism, as a theory and a movement, I start with a
chapter of definition. What is anarchism? And what is it not? These are the questions we
must first consider.
Guerin’s classic anthology of anarchism translated and reprinted, available for the first time in a single volume. It brings together a vast array of unpublished documents, letters, debates, manifestos reports, impassioned calls-to-arms and reasoned analysis; the history, organisation and practice of the movement – its theorists, advocates and activists; the great names and the obscure, towering legends and unsung heroes. This definitive collection portrays anarchism as a sophisticated ideology whose