Paulo Freire was a Brazilian educator and influential theorist of critical pedagogy.In terms of actual pedagogy, Freire is best known for his attack on what he called the “banking” concept of education, in which the student was viewed as an empty account to be filled by the teacher. He notes that “it transforms students into receiving objects. It attempts to control thinking and action, leads men and women to adjust to the world, and inhibits their creative power”.
Freire’s last book argues against “progressive liberalism” and its passive acceptance of a world where unemployment and hunger exist side by side with opulence. He shows why an acceptance of fatalism leads to the loss of personal and societal freedom–and how individuals without optimism have lost their place in history.