The movie was created in 1950 by Alain Resnais and Robert Hessens using paintings, drawings and sculptures that Picasso made from 1902 to 1949.
On April 26 1937 early afternoon, in the midst of the Spanish Civil War, the traditional capital of the Basque Country “Guernica”, was bombed by the Nazi German aviation (the allies of the fascist Franco). This attempt lasted for approximately three and a half hours. Two thousand people, all civilians, got killed and the whole city was left in ruins. This bombing was part of the Nazi experiments, on the effects of cluster and napalm bombs on civilians…
Like millions all over the world, Pablo Picasso was shocked and he expressed his sadness into a magnificent but terrifying painting.
The painting was set out on July 1937 for the International Exhibition of Paris. Then it toured around the world in order to raise money for the Protection of Democracy in Spain. After the victory of Franco in 1939, “Guernica” has found temporary shelter at the “Museum of Modern Art”, New York.
In 1968, Franco decided to expose the painting in Spain. Picasso refused and authorized the Museum of Modern Art to return the painting in Spain only once democracy is restored. In 1973 Picasso died, two years before democracy was restored in Spain. Finally, “Guernica” returned to its homeland and became one of the most important exhibits of the Museum “Prado” in Madrid.